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Zeckey, Christian; Cavalcanti Kußmaul, Adrian; Suero, Eduardo M.; Kammerlander, Christian; Greiner, Axel; Woiczinski, Matthias; Braun, Christian; Flatz, Wilhelm; Boecker, Wolfgang and Becker, Christopher A. (2020): The T-pod is as stable as supraacetabular fixation using 1 or 2 Schanz screws in partially unstable pelvic fractures: a biomechanical study. In: European Journal of Medical Research 25:26 [PDF, 991kB]


Introduction: Unstable fractures of the pelvis remain the predominant cause of severe hemorrhage, shock and early death in severely injured patients. The use of pelvic binders has become increasingly popular, particularly in the preclinical setting. There is currently insufficient evidence available about the stability of the pelvic binder versus supraacetabular fixation using 1 or 2 Schanz screws. We aimed to analyze the stability of the pelvic binder and supraacetabular fixateurs using either 1 or 2 Schanz screws in a cadaver model of an induced pelvic B-type fracture.

Materials and methods: The study was undertaken in 7 human fresh-frozen cadaveric pelvises with induced AO-type B fractures. Three stabilization techniques were compared: T-POD (pelvic bandage), supraacetabular external fixator with 1 pin on each side and external fixator with 2 pins on each side. Stability and stiffness were analyzed in a biomechanical testing machine using a 5-step protocol with static and dynamic loading, dislocation data were retrieved by ultrasound sensors at the fracture sites.

Results: No significant differences in fracture fragment displacement were detected when using either the T-POD, a 1-pin external fixator or a 2-pin external fixator (P > 0.05). The average difference in displacement between the three methods was < 1 mm.

Conclusions: Pelvic binders are suitable for reduction of pelvic B-type fractures. They provide stability comparable to that of supraacetabular fixators, independently of whether 1 or 2 Schanz screws per side are used. Pelvic binders provide sufficient biomechanical stability for transferring patients without the need to first replace them with surgically applied external fixators. However, soft tissue irritation has to be taken into consideration and prolonged wear should be avoided.

Level of evidence: Level III.

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