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Adolf, Christian; Berends, Annika M. A.; Connelly, Margery A.; Reincke, Martin ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9817-9875 and Dullaart, Robin P. F. (2020): Lipoprotein insulin resistance score and branched-chain amino acids increase after adrenalectomy for unilateral aldosterone-producing adenoma: a preliminary study. In: Endocrine, Vol. 68: pp. 420-426 [PDF, 403kB]


Background and aims Primary aldosteronism (PA) due to unilateral aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA) is preferentially treated by unilateral adrenalectomy (ADX), but little is known about the changes in lipid and glucose metabolism that may occur after ADX. Methods We studied 19 non-diabetic patients who did not use lipid-lowering drugs with PA due to APA before and 6 months after unilateral ADX. Fasting plasma lipids, lipoprotein subfractions, branched-chain amino acids (BCAA), and GlycA, a pro-inflammatory glycoprotein biomarker, were measured by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The Lipoprotein Insulin Resistance (LP-IR) score, which is based on six lipoprotein variables, was calculated. Results In all patients, hyperaldosteronism was resolved after ADX. Body mass index and fasting plasma glucose were unchanged, but HbA1c increased (p = 0.002). Plasma triglycerides, large triglyceride-rich lipoprotein (TRL) cholesterol, and large TRL particles were increased (p < 0.01), resulting in an increase in TRL size (p = 0.027). High-density lipoprotein size was decreased (p = 0.015). LP-IR scores (p = 0.001) and total BCAA (p = 0.017) were increased, but GlycA remained unaltered. Conclusions Based on increases in LP-IR scores and BCAA, which each have been shown to predict new onset type 2 diabetes mellitus independent of conventional risk factors in the general population, this preliminary study suggests that diabetes risk is not improved but may even be increased after ADX for APA despite remission of PA.

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