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Bumm, Caspar V.; Folwaczny, Matthias and Wölfle, Uta C. (2020): Necrotizing periodontitis or medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) in a patient receiving Bemcentinib-a case report. In: Oral and maxillofacial surgery, Vol. 24, No. 3: pp. 353-358 [PDF, 1MB]


Bemcentinib is a newly developed AXL inhibitor that is currently under investigation in phase II trails for the treatment of acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML). Clinical and radiographic findings in this case were very similar to cases of MRONJ in patients receiving Sunitinib or other anti-angiogenetic substances, assuming that Bemcentinib may cause similar oral side effects. We present a male 81-year-old patient with a manifestation of alveolar bone necrosis at the central upper incisors following a 2-month regimen with the AXL-inhibitor Bemcentinib, administered for the treatment of secondary acute myeloblastic leukemia (sAML). Due to the duration of less than 8 weeks, the osteonecrosis was diagnosed as necrotizing periodontitis, but the intraoral clinical and radiographic findings were also compatible with the differential diagnosis of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ, stage II). Following to discontinuation of Bemcentinib, the affected bone was surgically revised including the removal of a demarcated bone sequester under preventive antibiotic treatment (metronidazole 400 mg t.i.d.). We hypothesize that Bemcentinib might increase the susceptibility for osteonecrosis of the jaw, probably related to its antiangiogenic effects and the resulting modulation of host immune response. Based on the current observations, it can be assumed that oro-dental health might be significant also prior and during treatment with Bemcentinib for the prevention of MRONJ.

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