Logo Logo
Switch Language to German

Ye, Yao; Wang, Xipeng; Jeschke, Udo and Schönfeldt, Viktoria von (2020): COX-2-PGE2-EPs in gynecological cancers. In: Archives of gynecology and obstetrics, Vol. 301, No. 6: pp. 1365-1375 [PDF, 973kB]


PURPOSE Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and selective COX-2 inhibitors (COXibs) inhibit the progression of endometrial cancer, ovarian cancer and cervical cancer. However, concerning the adverse effects of NSAIDs and COXibs, it is still urgent and necessary to explore novel and specific anti-inflammation targets for potential chemoprevention. The signaling of cyclooxygenase 2-prostaglandin E2-prostaglandin E2 receptors (COX-2-PGE2-EPs) is the central inflammatory pathway involved in the gynecological carcinogenesis. METHODS Literature searches were performed to the function of COX-2-PGE2-EPs in gynecological malignancies. RESULTS This review provides an overview of the current knowledge of COX-2-PGE2-EPs signaling in endometrial cancer, ovarian cancer and cervical cancer. Many studies demonstrated the upregulated expression of the whole signaling pathway in gynecological malignancies and some focused on the function of COX-2 and cAMP-linked EP2/EP4 and EP3 signaling pathway in gynecological cancer. By contrast, roles of EP1 and the exact pathological mechanisms have not been completely clarified. The studies concerning EP receptors in gynecological cancers highlight the potential advantage of combining COX enzyme inhibitors with EP receptor antagonists as therapeutic agents in gynecological cancers. CONCLUSION EPs represent promising anti-inflammation biomarkers for gynecological cancer and may be novel treatment targets in the near future.

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item