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Keil, Sabrina; Wassermann, Joachim; Igel, Heiner (2020): Single-station seismic microzonation using 6C measurements. In: Journal of Seismology, Vol. 25: pp. 103-114
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Microzonation is one of the essential tools in seismology to mitigate earthquake damage by estimating the near-surface velocity structure and developing land usage plans and intelligent building design. The number of microzonation studies increased in the last few years as induced seismicity becomes more relevant, even in low-risk areas. While of vital importance, especially in densely populated cities, most of the traditional techniques suffer from different shortcomings. The microzonation technique presented here tries to reduce the existing ambiguity of the inversion results by the combination of single-station six-component (6C) measurements, including three translational and three rotational motions, and more traditional H/V techniques. By applying this new technique to a microzonation study in the downtown area of Munich (Germany) using an iXblue blueSeis-3A rotational motion sensor together with a Nanometrics Trillium Compact seismometer, we were able to estimate Love and Rayleigh wave dispersion curves. These curves together with H/V spectral ratios are then inverted to obtain P- and S-wave velocity profiles of the upper 100 m. In addition, there is a good correlation between the estimated velocity models and borehole-derived lithology, indicating the potential of this single-station microzonation approach.