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Schiestl, Robert ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8295-1835 (26. January 2021): A new look at the Butic Canal, Egypt. In: E&G Quaternary Scientific Journal, Vol. 70: pp. 29-38 [PDF, 9MB]


The Butic Canal – a Roman period transversal route across the northern Nile Delta – was the longest artificial watercourse in the Nile Delta, yet it remains very poorly understood. To date, the canal has not yet been verified by archeological excavations. The route of the eastern section of the canal has been indirectly identified based on a linear elevated feature most likely representing earth from the excavation of the canal. This study combines the analysis of historical sources and remote sensing data, such as satellite imagery and the TanDEM-X digital elevation model, in order to discuss its date of construction, route, and functions. Based on the data of the digital elevation model, new constructional features are visible in the eastern delta providing the first detailed route of a Roman-era artificial watercourse in Egypt. It is suggested that the canal’s construction is placed in the context of imperial investments in the infrastructure of the eastern part of the Roman empire.

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