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Scully, Deirdre M.; Campion, Deirdre; McCartney, Fiona; Dulohery, Kate; Reese, Sven ORCID: 0000-0002-4605-9791; Kölle, Sabine (24. June 2021): Cystic ovary disease impairs transport speed, smooth musclecontraction, and epithelial ion transport in the bovine oviduct. In: Molecular Reproduction and Development, Vol. 88: pp. 558-570
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Abstract

Cystic ovary disease (COD) is a common cause of bovine infertility but the impact of this disease on the oviduct is unknown. The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of COD on particle transport speed (PTS), ciliary beat frequency, myosalpinx contraction, and epithelial ion transport. Oviducts were obtained from cows af- fected by COD and compared with those of healthy, mid-diestrus cows. PTS and CBF were examined using livecell imaging. Smooth muscle contraction and epithelial ion transport were investigated using organ baths and Ussing chambers. Our results showed that muscarinic receptors are involved in cholinergic signaling in the oviduct and that forskolininduced cyclic AMP production is involved in active ion transport in the oviductal epithelium. Oviducts from cows with luteal cysts revealed significantly decreased PTS (p = 0.02). Further to that, in the oviducts of COD cows, the cholinergic regulation of smooth muscle contractions and active epithelial ion transport were significantly diminished (p < 0.0001). These results imply that in COD cows, oviductal transport is compromised by decreased fluid flow speed and reduced cholinergic regulation of smooth muscle contraction and ion transport. This knowledge contributes to a more comprehensive understanding of COD supporting the development of novel therapeutic concepts for infertility treatment.