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Binder, Tim; Kang, Han Gyu; Nitta, Munetaka; Schneider, Florian; Yamaya, Taiga; Parodi, Katia; Wiest, Florian; Thirolf, Peter G. ORCID: 0000-0002-6191-3319 (2021): Performance evaluation of a staggered three-layer DOI PET detector using a 1 mm LYSO pitch with PETsys TOFPET2 ASIC: comparison of HAMAMATSU and KETEK SiPMs. In: Physics in medicine and biology, Vol. 66, No. 12, 125016
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In this study, we propose a staggered three-layer depth-of-interaction (DOI) detector with a 1 mm crystal pitch and 19.8 mm total crystal thickness for a high-resolution and high-sensitivity small animal in-beam PET scanner. A three-layered stacked LYSO scintillation array (0.9~×~0.9~×~6.6 mm3crystals, 23~×~22 mm2surface area) read out by a SiPM array (8~×~8 channels, 3~×~3 mm2active area/channel and 50μm microcell size) with data acquisition, signal processing and digitization performed using the PETsys Electronics Evaluations kit (based on the TOFPET v2c ASIC) builds a DOI LYSO detector block. The performance of the DOI detector was evaluated in terms of crystal resolvability, energy resolution, and coincidence resolving time (CRT). A comparative performance evaluation of the staggered three-layer LYSO block was conducted with two different SiPM arrays from KETEK and HAMAMATSU. 100% (KETEK) and 99.8% (HAMAMATSU) of the crystals were identified, by using a flood irradiation the front- and back-side. The average energy resolutions for the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd layers were 16.5 (±2.3)%, 20.9(±4.0)%, and 32.7 (±21.0)% (KETEK) and 19.3 (±3.5)%, 21.2 (±4.1)%, and 26.6 (±10.3)% (HAMAMATSU) for the used SiPM arrays. The measured CRTs (FWHM) for the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd layers were 532 (±111) ps, 463 (±108) ps, and 447 (±111) ps (KETEK) and 402 (±46) ps, 392 (±54) ps, and 408 (±196) ps (HAMAMATSU). In conclusion, the performance of the staggered three-layer DOI detector with 1 mm LYSO pitch and 19.8 mm total crystal thickness was fully characterized. The feasibility of a highly performing readout of a high resolution DOI PET detector via SiPM arrays from KETEK and HAMAMATSU employing the PETsys TOFPET v2c ASIC could be demonstrated.