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Müller-Gerbl, Magdalena; Putz, Reinhard; Hodapp, Norbert; Schulte, Erik; Wimmer, Berthold (March 1990): Die Darstellung der subchondralen Dichtemuster mittels der CT-Osteoabsorptiometrie (CT-OAM) zur Beurteilung der individuellen Gelenkbeanspruchung am Lebenden. In: Zeitschrift für Orthopädie und ihre Grenzgebiete, Vol. 128: pp. 128-133


The researches of Pauwels and those following him have demonstrated that the subchondral bone density distribution below the surface of a joint is a metrical parameter which mirrors the predominant stress acting on that joint. Their technique of x-ray densitometry cannot, however, be used during life. By employing computer tomography, a new method has been developed - CT-osteoabsorptiometry (CT-OAM) - which can be used to obtain the density distribution pattern in the living subject. By means of a comparative investigation on specimens which were examined both with traditional x-ray densitometry and with CT absorptiometry, it has been shown that the new method can produce the same results, but providing the great advantage to be used on the living. In addition, the density distribution pattern of the glenoid cavity has been examined in patients with various shoulder conditions, and also in gymnasts who exercise on the rings. The distribution of subchondral bone density showed different patterns in the different groups examined. Both the comparison of the methods and the subsequent study confirmed that CT osteoabsorptiometry enables assessment to be made of the individual long-term stresses acting on a living joint.