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Bonnet, Jacques; Lindeboom, Rik G. H.; Pokrovsky, Daniil; Stricker, Georg; Celik, Muhammed Hasan; Rupp, Ralph A. W.; Gagneur, Julien; Vermeulen, Michiel; Imhof, Axel and Müller, Juerg (2019): Quantification of Proteins and Histone Marks in Drosophila Embryos Reveals Stoichiometric Relationships Impacting Chromatin Regulation. In: Developmental Cell, Vol. 51, No. 5

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Gene transcription in eukaryotes is regulated through dynamic interactions of a variety of different proteins with DNA in the context of chromatin. Here, we used mass spectrometry for absolute quantification of the nuclear proteome and methyl marks on selected lysine residues in histone H3 during two stages of Drosophila embryogenesis. These analyses provide comprehensive information about the absolute copy number of several thousand proteins and reveal unexpected relationships between the abundance of histone-modifying and -binding proteins and the chromatin landscape that they generate and interact with. For some histone modifications, the levels in Drosophila embryos are substantially different from those previously reported in tissue culture cells. Genome-wide profiling of H3K27 methylation during developmental progression and in animals with reduced PRC2 levels illustrates how mass spectrometry can be used for quantitatively describing and comparing chromatin states. Together, these data provide a foundation toward a quantitative understanding of gene regulation in Drosophila.

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