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Tsilimparis, Nikolaos; Drewitz, Stefan; Detter, Christian; Spanos, Konstantinos; Kodolitsch, Yskert von; Rohlffs, Fiona; Reichenspurner, Herrmann; Debus, E. Sebastian; Kölbel, Tilo (2019): Endovascular Repair of Ascending Aortic Pathologies With Tubular Endografts: A Single-Center Experience. In: Journal of Endovascular Therapy, Vol. 26, No. 4: pp. 439-445
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Purpose: To investigate the endovascular treatment of ascending aortic pathologies of high-risk patients unsuitable for open repair. Materials and Methods: From 2010 to 2017, 24 patients (mean age 70 +/- 15 years, range 29-90;18 men) were treated at a single center for various pathologies of the ascending aorta, including acute or chronic type A aortic dissections (n=16), pseudoaneurysms (n=6), fixation of a dislocated percutaneous aortic valve (n=2), and miscellaneous indications (n=3). The patients were selected following an interdisciplinary case evaluation, attended by cardiologists and cardiac and vascular surgeons. The Zenith Ascend TAA Endovascular Graft was implanted;simultaneous procedures were performed in 13 patients. Of the total 27 Ascend TEVAR procedures (24 primary and 3 reinterventions), 17 were performed urgently and 10 electively. The primary outcome measure was 30-day survival. The secondary outcomes were cardiovascular complications, midterm survival, and reintervention rate. Results: Clinical success was achieved in all but 1 case. The 30-day survival was 79% (19/24);of the 5 deaths only 1 was directly related to the endograft implanted. In the 30-day postoperative period, there was 1 myocardial infarction, 2 major strokes, a mycotic pseudoaneurysm, a case of Ascend TEVAR-induced high-grade aortic insufficiency, and a minor stroke;1 patient developed paraplegia after concurrent implantation of a 4-branched abdominal stent-graft. Two patients had a reintervention within 30 days for the pseudoaneurysm and the aortic insufficiency, respectively. During a mean follow-up of 11 months (0-35 months), there was 1 late death (cancer) and 1 additional reintervention at 10 months for a late type Ia endoleak (12.5% reintervention rate). Conclusion: Endovascular repair of ascending aortic pathologies with stent-grafts is a feasible treatment option with acceptable early and midterm outcomes in high-risk patients unsuitable for open surgery. The complexity of Ascend TEVAR might justify higher reintervention rates.