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Horvatits, Thomas; Drolz, Andreas; Wehmeyer, Malte; Steib, Christian; Trebicka, Jonel; Lohse, Ansgar W. and Kluwe, Johannes (2019): Einsatz von Protonenpumpenhemmern bei Patienten mit Leberzirrhose – eine Umfrage unter Hepatologen in Deutschland. In: Zeitschrift für Gastroenterologie, Vol. 57, No. 6: pp. 729-733

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Introduction Proton pump inhibitors (PPI) are one of the most frequently prescribed drugs worldwide. In particular, in patients with liver cirrhosis prescription rates up to 78 % have been reported. PPI may be a risk factor for nosocomial infections, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis and onset of hepatic encephalopathy. Aim of this survey was to assess the prescription practice of PPI in patients with cirrhosis in Germany. Methods We performed a web-based survey among hepatologists and gastroenterologists. The invitations for the survey have been sent out via the newsletter of German gastroenterological societies (DGVS, BVGD and AUG). Results 61 persons have participated in the survey. Overall, high PPI prescription rates have been reported (58 % in inpatient and 44 % in outpatient setting). Almost half of the respondents reported that PPI are frequently prescribed without clear indication (such as abdominal discomfort). One third reported that the PPI therapy could be stopped after critical evaluation of the indication. 55 % of the respondents stated that according to their estimates PPI are associated with adverse reactions. Bleeding was only very rarely seen after termination of PPI treatment. Conclusion PPI are frequently prescribed among patients with liver cirrhosis in Germany. Prescribers are aware of an unclear risk-benefit ratio. Further prospective data are urgently needed to increase evidence regarding indication and duration of PPI therapy in patients with cirrhosis.

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