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Poxleitner, Philipp; Steybe, David; Bublitz, Britta; Schlager, Stefan; Fuessinger, Marc Anton; Voss, Pit Jacob; Schmelzeisen, Rainer; Cornelius, Carl-Peter; Metzger, Marc (2019): Analysis of the accuracy of a novel preformed osteosynthesis plate for the reduction and fixation of zygomaticomaxillary complex fractures. In: Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery, Vol. 47, No. 6: pp. 951-958
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Introduction: There has been a shift toward surgical treatment of ZMC (zygomaticomaxillary complex) fractures with open reduction and subsequent fixation in the past decades. Anatomically preformed osteosynthesis plates, already used in the field of craniomaxillofacial surgery for the treatment of fractures of the mandible and the orbit, might be a suitable option for ZMC fractures as well. Material and methods: A statistical shape model was created from 179 cranial CT scans. Based on this surface model, an anatomically preformed plate for the reduction and fixation of ZMC fractures was developed in 3 sizes (S, M, L). Virtual analysis of the accuracy of the plate was performed on a dataset consisting of 120 CT scans. Results: Within a determined tolerance range of 0-1.5 mm, analysis revealed a high accuracy of the plate in 70-87 % of the CT scans. The S-sized plate has the highest overall accuracy, whereas the L-sized plate has highest accuracy at the "base" region which is essential for the placement of the plate. Discussion: The newly developed plate can be placed via an intraoral approach and analysis of the plate has confirmed its accuracy to be sufficient to ensure an adequate fracture reduction and fixation. It thus might allow for a less extensive approach and less approaches/incisions necessary overall to reduce and fixate ZMC fractures. (C) 2019 European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.