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Gross, Benedict; Rusin, Leonie; Kiesewetter, Jan ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8165-402X; Zottmann, Jan M. ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3887-1181; Fischer, Martin R.; Prückner, Stephan and Zech, Alexandra (2019): Microlearning for patient safety: Crew resource management training in 15-minutes.
In: PLOS One 14(3), e0213178 [PDF, 1MB]


Objectives We sought to establish the feasibility of chunking crew resource management (CRM) training into micro-size interventions and to compare different training approaches in the context of micro-learning. Design We evaluated whether participants in micro-learning CRM activities achieved learning objectives following training. In a between-subjects design, groups were observed for behaviour during a simulation that was part of a 15-minute modular intervention and tested for recollection afterwards. Participants The 129 participants recruited for this study were medical students, who already had relevant experience treating patients. Interventions The experimental setting involved three 5-minute components: video, simulation, and debriefing. Different groups viewed videos involving different didactic concepts: one group observed a videotaped concrete example of a medical care team applying a CRM tool (example group), and one group observed a videotaped lecture on the same topic (lecture group). Main outcome measures All simulations were videotaped and coded in detail for the occurrence of and time spent engaging in team behaviour and medical care. Questionnaires were administered before, immediately after, and two weeks after the intervention. We compared the groups' behaviour during the simulation (team cooperation and medical care), retention of knowledge from the training content, and results of the evaluation. Results Both groups exhibited most of the behaviours included in the content of the instructional videos during the simulations and recollected information 2 weeks later. The example group exhibited significantly more of the training content during the simulation and demonstrated better retention 2 weeks later. Although the example group spent more time on team coordination, there was no difference in the number of executed medical measures. Conclusion Delivering CRM training in chunks of relatively short and highly standardised interventions appears feasible. In this study, the form of didactical presentation caused a difference in learning success between groups: a traditional lecture was outperformed by an instructional video demonstrating a practical example.

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