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Spachmam, Philipp J.; May, Matthias; Vetterlein, Malte W.; Fritsche, Hans-Martin; Lebentrau, Steffen; Schostak, Martin; Wagenlehner, Florian M.; Burger, Maximilian; Weylandt, Karsten-Henrich; Salzberger, Bernd; Brookman-May, Sabine D.; Gilfrich, Christian (2019): Awareness and perception of multidrug-resistant organisms and antimicrobial therapy among internists vs. surgeons of different specialties: Results from the German MR2 Survey. In: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine, Vol. 10, No. 2: pp. 132-141
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Abstract

Background: Recently, antibiotic resistance rates have risen substantially and care for patients infected with multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO) has become a common problem in most in - and outpatient settings. The objectives of the study were to compare the awareness, perception, and knowledge of MDRO and rational antibiotic use between physicians from different medical specialties in German hospitals. Methods: A 35-item questionnaire was sent to specialists in internal medicine (internists), gynecologists, urologists, and general surgeons (non-internists) in 18 German hospitals. Likert-scales were used to evaluate awareness and perception of personal performance regarding care for patients infected with MDRO and rational use of antibiotics. Additionally, two items assessing specific knowledge in antibiotic therapy were included. The impact of medical specialty on four predetermined endpoints was assessed by multivariate logistic regression. Results: 43.0% (456/1061) of recipients responded. Both internists and non-internists had low rates of training in antibiotic stewardship. 50.8% of internists and 58.6% of non-internists had attended special training in rational antibiotic use or care for patients infected with MDRO in the 12 months prior to the study. Internists deemed themselves more confidently to choose the indications for screening patients for colonization with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (P=0.004) and to initiate adequate infection control measures (P=0.002) than other specialties. However, there was no significant difference between internists and other specialists regarding the two items assessing specific knowledge in antibiotic therapy and infection control. Conclusion: Among the study participants, a considerable need for advanced training in the study subjects was seen, regardless of the medical specialty.