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Kuninaka, Yumi; Ishida, Yuko; Nosaka, Mizuho; Shimada, Emi; Kimura, Akihiko; Ozaki, Mitsunori; Hata, Satoshi; Michiue, Tomomi; Yamamoto, Hiroki; Furukawa, Fukumi; Eisenmenger, Wolfgang and Kondo, Toshikazu (2019): Forensic pathological study on temporal appearance of dendritic cells in skin wounds. In: International Journal of Legal Medicine, Vol. 134, No. 2: pp. 597-601

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Dendritic cells (DCs) can essentially contribute to innate and adaptive immune system in various organs. A double-color immunofluorescence analysis was carried out with anti-CD11c and -HLA-DR alpha antibodies to detect DCs in 53 skin wounds (their postinfliction intervals: group I, 0-3 days;group II, 4-7 days;group III, 9-14 days;and group IV, 17-21 days). CD11c(+)HLA-DR alpha(+) DCs were first observed in skin wounds with postinfliction intervals of 3 days, and the DC numbers were found to be elevated in skin wounds with the subsequent increase in postinfliction intervals. Semi-quantitative morphometric analyses showed that the DC number was the highest in the 12-day-old wound. More than 50 DCs were present in 8 of 10 samples (80%) in group II and 14 of 16 samples (87.5%) in group III, and there was no difference between the two groups. Thus, the presence of DCs in a skin wound was possibly estimated as postinfliction intervals of at least 3 days. Furthermore, when a skin wound contained > 50 DCs, its age would be judged as 4-14 days. Collectively, the appearance of DCs in human skin wounds may provide useful information in determining the age of a wound.

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