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Putensen, C.; Ellger, B.; Sakka, S. G.; Weyland, A.; Schmidt, K.; Zoller, M.; Weiler, N.; Kindgen-Milles, D.; Jaschinski, U.; Weile, J.; Lindau, S.; Kieninger, M.; Faltlhauser, A.; Jung, N.; Teschendorf, P.; Adamzik, M.; Gründling, M.; Wahlers, T.; Gerlach, H. and Litty, F. -A. (2019): Current clinical use of intravenous fosfomycin in ICU patients in two European countries. In: Infection, Vol. 47, No. 5: pp. 827-836

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Purpose In Europe, intravenous fosfomycin (IV) is used particularly in difficult-to- treat or complex infections, caused by both Gram-positive and Gram-negative pathogens including multidrug-resistant strains. Here, we investigated the efficacy and safety of intravenous fosfomycin under real-life conditions. Methods Prospective, multi-center, and non-interventional study in patients with bacterial infections from 20 intensive care units (ICU) in Germany and Austria (NCT01173575). Results Overall, 209 patients were included (77 females, 132 males, mean age: 59 +/- 16 years), 194 of which were treated in intensive care (APACHE II score at the beginning of fosfomycin therapy: 23 +/- 8). Main indications (+/- bacteremia or sepsis) were infections of the CNS (21.5%), community- (CAP) and hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP)/ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP, 15.3%), bone and joint infections (BJI, 11%), abdominal infections (11%), and bacteremia (10.5%). Most frequently identified pathogens were S. aureus (22.3%), S. epidermidis (14.2%), Enterococcus spp. (10.8%), E. coli (12.3%) and Klebsiella spp. (7.7%). At least one multidrug-resistant (MDR) pathogen was isolated from 51 patients (24.4%). Fosfomycin was administered with an average daily dose of 13.7 +/- 3.5 g over 12.4 +/- 8.6 days, almost exclusively (99%) in combination with other antibiotics. The overall clinical success was favorable in 81.3% (148/182) of cases, and in 84.8% (39/46) of patients with >= 1 MDR pathogen. Noteworthy, 16.3% (34/209) of patients developed at least one, in the majority of cases non-serious, adverse drug reaction during fosfomycin therapy. Conclusion Our data suggest that IV fosfomycin is an effective and safe combination partner for the treatment of a broad spectrum of severe bacterial infections in critically ill patients.

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