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Scarfe, A. David and Steele, Craig W. (2019): Theoretical considerations in determining allometric growth within instars of crustaceans, with special reference to Americamysis bahia. In: Journal of Experimental Zoology Part A-Ecological and Integrative Physiology, Vol. 331, No. 9: pp. 467-477

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Abstract

Allometry in crustaceans is typically considered growth over several instars primarily because crustaceans are presumed to grow only during ecdysis (discontinuous growth). Using theoretical distributions of the sizes of two morphometric variables over several instars, four theoretical instar allometry models are postulated: continuous allometry (indiscrete and discrete);discontinuous allometry (indiscrete and discrete);mixed allometry (simple or complex);and two-rate continuous allometry. The estimates of proportions of allometry within the instars are determined using Y = f(X) and X = f(Y) for variables X and Y. The amount of allometry in each variable is estimated using the mean +/- standard deviation on the independent variable. Application of these theoretical instar allometry models using carapace and abdomen sizes in six instars indicates Americamysis bahia experiences two-rate continuous allometry, rather than "traditional" discontinuous allometry, with 85% or more of total growth occurring in the intermolt phase, and with the abdomen accounting for about 60% of the expansion.

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