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Boeswald, Linda and Kienzle, Ellen (2019): Eine einfache Methode zum Ausschluss unzureichender Phosphorverdaulichkeit bei wachsenden Schweinen. In: Tieraerztliche Praxis Ausgabe Grosstiere Nutztiere, Vol. 47, No. 4: pp. 223-229

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Abstract

Objective Species differences in calcium and phosphorus metabolism can be expressed via dietary and faecal calcium/phosphorus ratios. The aim of the present meta-analysis was to use faecal Ca/P ratios as an indicator of phosphorus digestibility in growing pigs as a simple diagnostic tool. This tool can be useful in cases of suspected phosphorus deficiency but adequate dietary calcium and phosphorus contents. Material and methods Studies (n = 34) with phytase-supplemented (PHYT;n = 110) and non-supplemented control (CON;n = 106) diets were analysed for dietary intake, faecal excretion and apparent digestibility of calcium and phosphorus. A modified Lucas-test was used for both minerals plotting intake against faecal excretion (mg/kg body weight (0.75) ). Results For calcium, there was no significant difference between PHYT and CON (p = 0.29) while in accordance with literature, the relative faecal phosphorus excretion was significantly lower in PHYT than CON (p < 0.01). Faecal calcium/phosphorus ratios were calculated and grouped according to the animals' body weight and apparent phosphorus digestibility (body weight <= 30 kg: apparent phosphorus digestibility <= 60 % and > 60 %;body weight > 30 kg: apparent phosphorus digestibility <= 40 % and > 40 %). Conclusion Data distribution as displayed in a box plot shows that - given a dietary Ca/P ratio of > 1.2 - faecal Ca/P ratios of > 1.5 in pigs with a body weight of <= 30 kg and of > 1.2 in pigs with a body weight of > 30 kg indicate a high apparent digestibility of phosphorus of > 60 % and > 40 %, respectively.

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