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Kessler, Fabian K.; Schnick, Wolfgang (2019): From Heptazines to Triazines - On the Formation of Poly(triazine imide). In: Zeitschrift für Anorganische und Allgemeine Chemie, Vol. 645, No. 12: pp. 857-862
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Poly(triazine imide), a 2D extended carbon nitride network compound that is obtained from ionothermal synthesis in LiCl/KCl or LiBr/KBr salt melt has been known for over a decade. We now have investigated the formation process of this material starting from various triazine- and heptazine-based precursors as well as the differences between ionothermal and conventional synthesis via thermal condensation. Independent of chosen starting material, melem (triamino-s-heptazine) is initially formed from the starting material as the imminent precursor to poly(triazine imide). We elucidate the impact of various different carbon nitride precursor compounds on the formation process, propose a mechanism for the back reaction of heptazines to triazines, and rationalize the occurring processes.