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Pluharova, Kamila; Leontovycova, Hana; Stoudkova, Vera; Pospichalova, Romana; Marsik, Petr; Kloucek, Pavel; Starodubtseva, Anastasiia; Iakovenko, Oksana; Krckova, Zuzana; Valentova, Olga; Burketova, Lenka; Janda, Martin and Kalachova, Tetiana (2019): Salicylic Acid Mutant Collection as a Tool to Explore the Role of Salicylic Acid in Regulation of Plant Growth under a Changing Environment. In: International Journal of Molecular Sciences, Vol. 20, No. 24, 6365

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The phytohormone salicylic acid (SA) has a crucial role in plant physiology. Its role is best described in the context of plant response to pathogen attack. During infection, SA is rapidly accumulated throughout the green tissues and is important for both local and systemic defences. However, some genetic/metabolic variations can also result in SA overaccumulation in plants, even in basal conditions. To date, more than forty Arabidopsis thaliana mutants have been described as having enhanced endogenous SA levels or constitutively activated SA signalling pathways. In this study, we established a collection of mutants containing different SA levels due to diverse genetic modifications and distinct gene functions. We chose prototypic SA-overaccumulators (SA-OAs), such as bon1-1, but also "non-typical" ones such as exo70b1-1;the selection of OA is accompanied by their crosses with SA-deficient lines. Here, we extensively studied the plant development and SA level/signalling under various growth conditions in soil and in vitro, and showed a strong negative correlation between rosette size, SA content and PR1/ICS1 transcript signature. SA-OAs (namely cpr5, acd6, bon1-1, fah1/fah2 and pi4k beta 1 beta 2) had bigger rosettes under high light conditions, whereas WT plants did not. Our data provide new insights clarifying a link between SA and plant behaviour under environmental stresses. The presented SA mutant collection is thus a suitable tool to shed light on the mechanisms underlying trade-offs between growth and defence in plants.

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