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Rejili, M.; Msaddak, A.; Filali, I.; Benabderrahim, M. A.; Mars, M. and Marin, M. (2019): New chromosomal lineages within Microvirga and Bradyrhizobium genera nodulate Lupinus angustifolius growing on different Tunisian soils. In: Fems Microbiology Ecology, Vol. 95, No. 9, fiz118

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Thirty-one rhizobial isolates nodulating native Lupinus angustifolius (blue lupine) plants growing in Northern Tunisian soils were isolated and analysed using different chromosomal and symbiotic gene markers. Phylogenetic analyses based on recA partial sequences grouped them into at least five groups: four of them within the genus Bradyrhizobium (26 isolates) and one into the genus Microvirga (5 isolates). Representative strains were analysed by multilocus sequence analysis of three housekeeping genes rrs-recA-glnII and rrs-gyrB-dnaK for Bradyrhizobium and Microvirga isolates, respectively. Based on this analysis, eight isolates clustered with the previously described strains Bradyrhizobium lupini USDA3051 and Bradyrhizobium canariense BTA-1. However, five of the isolates clustered separately and may constitute a new species within the Bradyrhizobium genus. The remaining five isolates were closely related to the strain Microvirga sp. LmiM8 and may constitute a newMicrovirga species. The analysis of the nodC gene showed that all Bradyrhizobium strains nodulating blue lupine belong to the symbiovar genistearum, whereas the Microvirga isolates are associated with the symbiovar mediterranense. The results of this study support that the L. angustifolius root nodule symbionts isolated in Northern Tunisia belong mostly to the B. canariense/B. lupini lineages. However, new clades of Bradyrhizobium and Microvirga have been identified as L. angustifolius endosymbionts.

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