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Erpf, Anna C.; Stenzel, Lisa; Memar, Nadin; Antoniolli, Martina; Osepashvili, Mariam; Schnabel, Ralf; Conradt, Barbara; Mikeladze-Dvali, Tamara (2019): PCMD-1 Organizes Centrosome Matrix Assembly in C. elegans. In: Current Biology, Vol. 29, No. 8
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Centrosomes, the major microtubule-organizing centers of animal cells, are essential for the assembly of a bipolar spindle during mitosis. Spindle defective-5 (SPD-5), the main scaffold protein of the centrosome matrix in Caenorhabditis elegans, forms a thin core around non-mitotic centrioles. Upon mitotic entry, the SPD-5-containing centrosome matrix expands in a Polo-like-kinase 1 (PLK-1)-dependent manner and this enables an enhanced microtubule nucleation activity during mitosis. How the non-mitotic centrosome core is formed and how this core facilitates robust SPD-5 expansion at mitotic entry remains unknown. Here, we present evidence that the coiled-coil protein pericentriolar matrix deficient-1 (PCMD-1) is necessary for the efficient loading of SPD-5, SPD-2, and PLK-1 to the non-mitotic centrosome core. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the absence of PCMD-1 disrupts pericentriolar material (PCM) recruitment and integrity. The expansion of centrosomes into spherical structures at the mitotic entry is compromised. We propose that PCMD-1 acts as a molecular platform for mitotic regulators and for components of the PCM, thereby allowing functional interactions between them, which in turn is necessary for the organization of the mitotic centrosome and, hence, spindle bipolarity.