Logo Logo
Switch Language to German

Antonello, Ana Maria; Sartori, Thais; Silva, Matheus Brasil; Prophiro, Josiane Somariva; Pinge-Filho, Phileno; Heermann, Ralf; da Silva, Onilda Santos and Torres Romao, Pedro Roosevelt (2019): Anti-Trypanosoma activity of bioactive metabolites from Photorhabdus luminescens and Xenorhabdus nematophila. In: Experimental Parasitology, Vol. 204, UNSP 107724

Full text not available from 'Open Access LMU'.


Only two drugs are currently available for the treatment of Chagas disease and their effectiveness are unsatisfactory. Photorhabdus luminescens and Xenorhabdus nematophila, two enteric bacteria highly pathogenic to a broad range of insects, have been studied as potential source for bioactive metabolites against protozoa causing neglected tropical diseases. Therefore, we tested the in vitro anti-Trypanosoma cruzi activity of secreted metabolites from these bacteria. The conditioned medium of X. nematophila and P. luminescens showed significant parasiticidal activity in a concentration-dependent manner (IC50 XN = 0.34 mg/mL, IC50 PL = 1.0 mg/mL). The parasiticidal compound was identified as a small molecule stable to heating and pH changes ranging from 2 to 12. Moreover, anti-Trypanosoma molecules secreted by both bacteria stimulate the trypanocidal activity of macrophages by a mechanism independent of nitric oxide. Summarizing, our studies reveal that P. luminescens and X. nematophila are potential sources of putative novel drugs against Chagas disease.

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item