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Heiss, Gregor; Ploetz, Evelyn; Voithenberg, Lena Voith von; Viswanathan, Ramya; Glaser, Samson; Schluesche, Peter; Madhira, Sushi; Meisterernst, Michael; Auble, David T.; Lamb, Don C. (2019): Conformational changes and catalytic inefficiency associated with Mot1-mediated TBP-DNA dissociation. In: Nucleic Acids Research, Vol. 47, No. 6: pp. 2793-2806
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The TATA-box Binding Protein (TBP) plays a central role in regulating gene expression and is the first step in the process of pre-initiation complex (PIC) formation on promoter DNA. The lifetime of TBP at the promoter site is controlled by several cofactors including the Modifier of transcription 1 (Mot1), an essential TBP-associated ATPase. Based on ensemble measurements, Mot1 can use adenosine triphosphate (ATP) hydrolysis to displace TBP from DNA and various models for how this activity is coupled to transcriptional regulation have been proposed. However, the underlying molecular mechanism of Mot1 action is not well understood. In this work, the interaction of Mot1 with the DNA/TBP complex was investigated by single-pair Forster resonance energy transfer (spFRET). Upon Mot1 binding to the DNA/TBP complex, a transition in the DNA/TBP conformation was observed. Hydrolysis of ATP by Mot1 led to a conformational change but was not sufficient to efficiently disrupt the complex. SpFRET measurements of dual-labeled DNA suggest that Mot1's ATPase activity primes incorrectly oriented TBP for dissociation from DNA and additional Mot1 in solution is necessary for TBP unbinding. These findings provide a framework for understanding how the efficiency of Mot1's catalytic activity is tuned to establish a dynamic pool of TBP without interfering with stable and functional TBP-containing complexes.