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Ochmann, Uta ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0009-0003-3454-9691 and Wicker, S. (2020): Nadelstichverletzungen bei medizinischem Personal. In: Medizinische Klinik-Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin, Vol. 115, No. 1: pp. 67-78

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Abstract

Injuries of healthcare workers with sharp instruments are considered among the most frequent occupational accidents in hospitals. In at least half of the cases, the instruments are contaminated with blood and therefore bear an infection risk with bloodborne pathogens, such as hepatitis B, hepatitis C and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Needlestick injuries require besides immediate medical intervention, such as rinsing and disinfection of the wound or skin contamination, a prompt clarification of the immune status and if necessary a postexposure prophylaxis. Furthermore, follow-up examinations are required for up to 6 months after the accident. Information about the infectious state of the index person considerably facilitates the procedure. All healthcare workers should know the management of needlestick injuries. Preventive measures refer to the reduction of the number of needlestick injuries by improving work organization and usage of needle devices with safety features as well as to the reduction of infection risk by hepatitis B vaccination and wearing safety gloves.

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