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Tizek, Linda; Schielein, Maximilian C.; Schuster, Barbara; Ziehfreund, Stefanie; Biedermann, Tilo and Zink, Alexander (2020): Effekte einer unkonventionellen Hautkrebs-Präventionskampagne. Auswirkungen auf das Sonnenschutzverhalten von Außenberufstätigen. In: Hautarzt, Vol. 71, No. 6: pp. 455-462

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Abstract

Background: The disease burden of actinic keratoses and keratinocyte carcinoma can be reduced by primary and secondary prevention. However, these measures are often poorly received, especially among the high-risk group of outdoor workers. Objectives: The aim of this follow-up study was to investigate whether an improvement in sun protection and awareness of skin changes could be observed among the study population, especially outdoor workers, one year after a prevention campaign focusing on this topic. Materials and methods: In 2017, all participants who initially participated in a study at the Bavarian Central Agricultural Festival 2016 and agreed to participate in the follow-up study were contacted by mail and received the same questionnaire and evaluation questions regarding possible behavioral changes. Results: A total of 400 people took part in the follow-up study (response rate 52.8%). Of the 240 outdoor workers, 45.0% said they were more conscious of protecting themselves from the sun and 68.8% said they were more aware of skin changes. About 85.0% of outdoor workers indicated that they would consult a dermatologist earlier and 65.8% desired further prevention campaigns regarding skin cancer and sun protection. Conclusion Overall, the majority of participants reported that they had improved sun protection behavior and awareness of skin changes after the intervention. Based on the participants' self-disclosure, especially outdoor workers tended to use sun protection measure more frequently. These findings underline the importance of target group-oriented awareness and prevention campaigns to reduce the burden of skin cancer.

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