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Nayahangan, Leizl Joy; Albrecht-Beste, Elisabeth; Konge, Lars; Brkljacic, Boris; Catalano, Carlo; Ertl-Wagner, Birgit; Riklund, Katrine; Nielsen, Michael Bachmann (2020): Consensus on technical procedures in radiology to include in simulation-based training for residents: a European-wide needs assessment. In: European Radiology, Vol. 31, No. 1: pp. 171-180
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Objectives: To identify and prioritize technical procedures for simulation-based training that should be part of the education of residents in radiology. Methods This European-wide needs assessment study used a modified Delphi technique to gather consensus from different key education stakeholders in the field. The first round was a brainstorming phase to identify all procedures that a newly specialized radiologist should potentially be able to do. In the second round, each procedure was explored for the need for simulation training;the participants determined frequency, number of radiologists performing the procedure, impact on patient comfort and safety, and feasibility of simulation. The result of this round was sent back to the participants for final evaluation and prioritization. Results Seventy-one key education stakeholders from 27 European countries agreed to participate and were actively involved in the Delphi process: response rates were 72% and 82% in the second and third round, respectively. From 831 suggested procedures in the first round, these were grouped and categorized into 34 procedures that were pre-prioritized in the second round according to the need for simulation-based training. In the third round, 8 procedures were eliminated resulting in final inclusion of 26 procedures. Ultrasound procedures were highly ranked including basic skills such as probe handling;abdominal ultrasound;and ultrasound of kidneys, retroperitoneum, intestines, and scrotum. Conclusion The prioritized list of procedures represents a consensus document decided upon by educational stakeholders in radiology across Europe. These procedures are suitable for simulation and should be an integral part of the education of radiologists.