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Koliogiannis, Vanessa Kristina Anna; Brandlhuber, Martina; Messerschmidt, Viktoria; Stahl, Robert; Melcher, Carolin; Schinner, Regina; Birkenmaier, Christof; Ricke, Jens; Baur-Melnyk, Andrea (2020): Is the EOS imaging system as accurate as conventional radiography in grading osteoarthritis of the knee? In: European Radiology, Vol. 31, No. 5: pp. 3491-3497
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Abstract

Objectives: The EOS imaging system allows for the acquirement of long-leg radiographic images in a standing position without stitching artifacts or projection bias and at a comparatively low-radiation-dose exposure. The aim of our study was to compare the accuracy of EOS images of the lower limb to conventional radiographs (CR) of the knee in a.p. view for the grading of osteoarthritis (OA). Methods One hundred forty-two patients who had undergone EOS of the lower limb and radiography of the knee on the same day were included. For the grading of OA, the Kellgren and Lawrence score (KL) score and the Osteoarthritis Research Society International (OARSI) system were used. Additionally, the joint space was measured and compared between the two techniques. EOS images were compared to conventional anteroposterior radiographs of the knee which constitute the gold standard. Results: Measurements of the joint space showed very good intra-class correlation. The calculated weighted kappa for the KL score of EOS versus CR was excellent. The comparison of the different parameters of the OARSI score showed superb weighted kappa scores between 0.9 and 0.96 (alpha < 0.001) for the parameters osteophytes and joint space narrowing. The parameter deformity showed a good agreement between EOS and radiographs (sensitivity 93.6%;specificity 100%). For the sclerosis parameter, an overall sensitivity of 71.3% and a specificity of 99.3% were calculated. Conclusions: The grading of OA using the KL score as well as the quantitative assessment of joint space width can be performed on EOS images in a.p. view as reliably as on CR. Subchondral sclerosis of the lateral and medial femur condyle or tibia is sometimes not as evident on EOS images.