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Weng, Junyong; Li, Shanbao; Lin, Hao; Mei, Haitao; Liu, Yang; Xiao, Chao; Zhu, Zhonglin; Cai, Weiwei; Ding, Xusheng; Mi, Yushuai and Wen, Yugang (2020): PCDHGA9 represses epithelial-mesenchymal transition and metastatic potential in gastric cancer cells by reducing beta-catenin transcriptional activity. In: Cell Death & Disease, Vol. 11, No. 3, 206

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Gastric cancer (GC) has a high mortality rate, and metastasis is the main reason for treatment failure. It is important to study the mechanism of tumour invasion and metastasis based on the regulation of key genes. In a previous study comparing the expression differences between GES-1 and SGC-7901 cells, PCDHGA9 was selected for further research. In vitro and in vivo experiments showed that PCDHGA9 inhibited invasion and metastasis. A cluster analysis suggested that PCDHGA9 inhibited epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) through the Wnt/beta-catenin and TGF-beta pathways. Laser confocal techniques and western blotting revealed that PCDHGA9 inhibited the nuclear translocation of beta-catenin, regulated T cell factor (TCF)/ /lymphoid enhancer factor (LEF) transcriptional activity, directly impacted the signal transmission of the TGF-beta/Smad2/3 pathway, strengthened the adhesion complex, weakened the effects of TGF-beta, and blocked the activation of the Wnt pathway. In addition, PCDHGA9 expression was regulated by methylation, which was closely related to poor clinical prognosis. The aim of this study was to elucidate the molecular mechanism by which PCDHGA9 inhibits EMT and metastasis in GC to provide a new theoretical basis for identifying GC metastasis and a new target for improving the outcome of metastatic GC.

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