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Zhang, Rong; Gehlen, Jan; Kawalia, Amit; Melissari, Maria-Theodora; Dakal, Tikam Chand; Menon, Athira M.; Hoefele, Julia; Riedhammer, Korbinian; Waffenschmidt, Lea; Fabian, Julia; Breuer, Katinka; Kalanithy, Jeshurun; Hilger, Alina Christine; Sharma, Amit; Hoelscher, Alice; Boemers, Thomas M.; Pauly, Markus; Leutner, Andreas; Fuchs, Jörg; Seitz, Guido; Ludwikowski, Barbara M.; Gomez, Barbara; Hubertus, Jochen; Heydweiller, Andreas; Kurz, Ralf; Leonhardt, Johannes; Kosch, Ferdinand; Holland-Cunz, Stefan; Muensterer, Oliver; Ure, Beno; Schmiedeke, Eberhard; Neser, Jörg; Degenhardt, Petra; Maerzheuser, Stefanie; Kleine, Katharina; Schaefer, Mattias; Spychalski, Nicole; Deffaa, Oliver J.; Gosemann, Jan-Hendrik; Lacher, Martin; Heilmann-Heimbach, Stefanie; Zwink, Nadine; Jenetzky, Ekkehart; Ludwig, Michael; Grote, Phillip; Schumacher, Johannes; Thiele, Holger and Reutter, Heiko (2020): Human exome and mouse embryonic expression data implicate ZFHX3, TRPS1, and CHD7 in human esophageal atresia.
In: PLOS One 15(6), e0234246 [PDF, 1MB]


Introduction: Esophageal atresia with or without tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF) occurs approximately 1 in 3.500 live births representing the most common malformation of the upper digestive tract. Only half a century ago, EA/TEF was fatal among affected newborns suggesting that the steady birth prevalence might in parts be due to mutationalde novoevents in genes involved in foregut development. Methods To identify mutationalde novoevents in EA/TEF patients, we surveyed the exome of 30 case-parent trios. Identified and confirmedde novovariants were prioritized usingin silicoprediction tools. To investigate the embryonic role of genes harboring prioritizedde novovariants we performed targeted analysis of mouse transcriptome data of esophageal tissue obtained at the embryonic day (E) E8.5, E12.5, and postnatal. Results In total we prioritized 14 novelde novovariants in 14 different genes (APOL2,EEF1D,CHD7,FANCB,GGT6,KIAA0556,NFX1,NPR2,PIGC,SLC5A2,TANC2,TRPS1,UBA3, andZFHX3) and eight rarede novovariants in eight additional genes (CELSR1,CLP1,GPR133,HPS3,MTA3,PLEC,STAB1, andPPIP5K2). Through personal communication during the project, we identified an additional EA/TEF case-parent trio with a rarede novovariant inZFHX3.In silicoprediction analysis of the identified variants and comparative analysis of mouse transcriptome data of esophageal tissue obtained at E8.5, E12.5, and postnatal prioritizedCHD7,TRPS1, andZFHX3as EA/TEF candidate genes. Re-sequencing ofZFHX3in additional 192 EA/TEF patients did not identify further putative EA/TEF-associated variants. Conclusion Our study suggests that rare mutationalde novoevents in genes involved in foregut development contribute to the development of EA/TEF.

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