Schulze-Koops, Hendrik; Burkhardt, H.; Heesemann, Jürgen; Mark, K. von der; Emmerich, F.
Plasmid-Encoded Outer Membrane Protein YadA Mediates Specific Binding of Enteropathogenic Yersiniae to Various Types of Collagen.
In: Infection and Immunity, Vol. 60, Nr. 6: S. 2153-2159
The plasmid-encoded outer membrane protein YadA of enteropathogenic yersiniae is associated with pathogenicity. Recently, collagen binding of YadA-positive yersiniae was reported without detailed characterization (L. Emödy, J. Heesemann, H. Wolf-Watz, M. Skurnik, G. Kapperud, P. O'Toole, and T. Wadström, J. Bacteriol. 171:6674-6679, 1989). To elucidate the nature of collagen binding to YadA, we used a recombinant Yersinia strain expressing the cloned YadA gene. Direct binding of YadA-positive yersiniae to collagens was demonstrated in affinity blot experiments on nitrocellulose filters. A spectrum of collagen types in a wide concentration range were tested for their ability to block binding of 125I-labeled collagen type II to YadA-positive yersiniae. The results indicate a specific binding site(s) for YadA in collagen types I, II, III, IV, V, and XI. In contrast, collagen type VI did not bind to YadA. To characterize the binding site(s) more precisely, isolated collagen chains and cyanogen bromide fragments were investigated. These studies revealed that binding of YadA to collagen type I is confined to the alpha 1(I) chain, whereas the binding site within collagen type XI is localized in the alpha 3(XI) chain. alpha 2(I), alpha 1(XI), and alpha 2(XI) did not bind to YadA. Most interestingly, in the alpha 1(II) chain the specific binding site for YadA resides in the cyanogen bromide fragment CB10. The latter might indicate a binding site that does not depend on conformation. Based on these findings, further fragmentation and the synthesis of peptides may allow definition of the peptide sequence(s) relevant for YadA binding.