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Beck, Franziska; Ilie, Nicoleta (2020): Antioxidants and Collagen-Crosslinking: Benefit on Bond Strength and Clinical Applicability. In: Materials, Vol. 13, No. 23, 5483
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Antioxidants are known for their potential of strengthening the collagen network when applied to dentin. They establish new intra-/intermolecular bonds in the collagen, rendering it less perceptive to enzymatic hydrolysis. The study evaluated the benefit on shear bond strength (SBS) of a resin-composite to dentin when antioxidants with different biomolecular mechanisms or a known inhibitor of enzymatic activity are introduced to the bonding process in a clinically inspired protocol. Specimens (900) were prepared consistent with the requirements for a macro SBS-test. Four agents (Epigallocatechingallate (EGCG), Chlorhexidindigluconate (CHX), Proanthocyanidin (PA), and Hesperidin (HPN)) were applied on dentin, either incorporated in the primer of a two-step self-etch adhesive or as an aqueous solution before applying the adhesive. Bonding protocol executed according to the manufacturer's information served as control. Groups (n = 20) were tested after one week, one month, three months, six months, or one year immersion times (37 degrees C, distilled water). After six-month immersion, superior SBS were identified in PA compared to all other agents (p < 0.01) and a higher reliability in both primer and solution application when compared to control. After one year, both PA incorporated test groups demonstrated the most reliable outcome. SBS can benefit from the application of antioxidants. The use of PA in clinics might help extending the lifespan of resin-based restorations.