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Lo, Yi-Fang; Pitchika, Vinay; Ilie, Nicoleta; Hickel, Reinhard; Kühnisch, Jan (2020): Does etching time affect the in vitro performance of a sealant material? In: Dental Materials Journal, Vol. 39, No. 5: pp. 862-868
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This in. vitro study evaluated the shear bond strength (SBS), failure mode and microleakage of fissure sealing materials in relation to different etching times on aprismatic and prismatic enamel. Ninety-six healthy human third molars were randomly allocated to the following groups: 1) prismatic or aprismatic enamel;2) etching: 15, 30, 45, 60 s. After 5,000-fold thermocycling SBS, failure mode and microleakage were measured. Statistical evaluation included Mann-Whitney-U-test and linear regression analysis. In the aprismatic enamel group, an increasing etching time resulted in higher SBS. The linear regression model revealed that 60 s of etching time led to a significant increase in SBS. Microleakage was found to be low in all test groups. This study indicated that 60 s of etching time showed to a significantly better SBS. When considering the small differences of SBS, failure modes and microleakage between 30 and 60 s etching time, 30 s acid etching seems to also be justifiable.