Logo Logo
Switch Language to German
Tang, Sicheng; Gao, Pan; Chen, Hanmin; Zhou, Xiangyue; Ou, Yibo; He, Yue (25. September 2020): The Role of Iron, Its Metabolism and Ferroptosis in Traumatic Brain Injury. In: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience, Vol. 14, 590789: pp. 1-13
Creative Commons Attribution 1MB


Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a structural and physiological disruption of brain function caused by external forces. It is a major cause of death and disability for patients worldwide. TBI includes both primary and secondary impairments. Iron overload and ferroptosis highly involved in the pathophysiological process of secondary brain injury. Ferroptosis is a form of regulatory cell death, as increased iron accumulation in the brain leads to lipid peroxidation, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, mitochondrial dysfunction and neuroinflammatory responses, resulting in cellular and neuronal damage. For this reason, eliminating factors like iron deposition and inhibiting lipid peroxidation may be a promising therapy. Iron chelators can be used to eliminate excess iron and to alleviate some of the clinical manifestations of TBI. In this review we will focus on the mechanisms of iron and ferroptosis involving the manifestations of TBI, broaden our understanding of the use of iron chelators for TBI. Through this review, we were able to better find novel clinical therapeutic directions for further TBI study.