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Kraemer, Friederike; Huesken, Ricarda; Kruedewagen, Eva Maria; Deuster, Katrin; Blagburn, Byron; Straubinger, Reinhard K.; Butler, Jamie; Fingerle, Volker; Charles, Sam; Settje, Terry; Schunack, Bettina and Stanneck, Dorothee (2020): Prevention of transmission of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato and Anaplasma phagocytophilum by Ixodes spp. ticks to dogs treated with the Seresto (R) collar (imidacloprid 10% + flumethrin 4.5%). In: Parasitology Research, Vol. 119, No. 1: pp. 299-315

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Abstract

The capability of imidacloprid 10% + flumethrin 4.5% (Seresto (R)) collars to prevent transmission of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (Bbsl) and Anaplasma phagocytophilum (Ap) by naturally infected ticks was evaluated in two studies with 44 dogs. In each study, one group served as non-treated control, whereas the other groups were treated with the Seresto (R) collar. All dogs were exposed to naturally Bbsl- and Ap-infected hard ticks (Ixodes ricinus, Ixodes scapularis). In study 1, tick infestation was performed on study day (SD) 63 (2 months post-treatment [p.t.]);in study 2, it was performed on SD 32 (one month p.t.) respectively SD 219 (seven months p.t.). In situ tick counts were performed 2 days after infestation. Tick counts and removals followed 6 (study 1) or 5 days (study 2) later. Blood sampling was performed for the detection of specific Bbsl and Ap antibodies and, in study 1, for the documentation of Ap DNA by PCR. Skin biopsies were examined for Bbsl by PCR and culture (only study 1). The efficacy against Ixodes spp. was 100% at all time points. In study 1, two of six non-treated dogs became infected with Bbsl, and four of six tested positive for Ap;none of the treated dogs tested positive for Bbsl or Ap. In study 2, ten of ten non-treated dogs became infected with Bbsl and Ap;none of the treated dogs tested positive for Bbsl or Ap;100% acaricidal efficacy was shown in both studies. Transmission of Bbsl and Ap was successfully blocked for up to 7 months.

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