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Friederich, J.; Seuss, A. C. and Wess, G. (2020): The role of atrial fibrillation as a prognostic factor in doberman pinschers with dilated cardiomyopathy and congestive heart failure. In: Veterinary Journal, Vol. 264, 105535

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Atrial fibrillation (AF) in congestive heart failure (CHF) is associated with a high risk of mortality and shorter survival times in human and veterinary medicine. A retrospective review of medical records was performed to evaluate the impact of AF on survival times in Doberman Pinschers with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Time of first onset of CHF and its role as a prognostic factor were also determined, as were predictors of AF development. Forty-eight client-owned purebred Doberman Pinschers with DCM and CHF were included;23 dogs presented with AF and 25 dogs did not develop AF until immediately before cardiac-related death. Dogs with AF survived for significantly shorter times than those without AF (P = 0.043). For dogs with AF, mean and median survival times were 88.2 days and 22 days, respectively (range, 42.1-134.4 days);mean and median survival times for dogs without AF were 150.7 days and 98 days, respectively (range, 98.5-203 days). AF increased the risk of cardiac-related death (hazard ratio [HR], 2.371;95% confidence intervals [CI], 1.14-4.95;P = 0.021). Biventricular and right atrial dilation was only present in dogs with AF and right atrial enlargement was the only significant predictor of AF after multivariate analysis (P < 0.001). Dogs with AF had significantly higher mean heart rates than dogs without AF (201 beats per min [bpm] vs. 132 bpm;P < 0.001). In conclusion, AF in Doberman Pinschers with DCM and CHF increased the risk of cardiac-related death and reduced survival time. (c) 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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