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Fabian, Jeanette (2020): „Was gezeigt werden kann, kann nicht gesagt werden“. Fotoreportagen in der tschechoslowakischen Avantgarde der Zwischenkriegszeit. In: Zeitschrift für Slavische Philologie, Vol. 76, No. 1: pp. 47-72
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The beginnings of photojournalism after the First World War reveal a range of different forms and styles. The avant-garde underlines the autonomy and equal value of the picture in the inter-medial relation between language and photography: the pictures are not relegated to the Background: or serve as mere illustrations of text. This is apparent in photo-books, typo-photos or photo documentaries of avant-garde artists and writers. With selected examples from the Czechoslovak avant-garde around the art group Devetsil, the article corroborates this thesis. Photo documentary is understood in a broad sense, drawing on Robert Lebeck's definition as "story in pictures" and attempts to determine whether photo documentaries can be delineated clearly from other photo-literary forms, or whether each such photographic "story in pictures" can be regarded as a photo documentary. The article draws on examples of photo documentaries taken from the almanacs, journals as well as book editions of the Czechoslovak avant-garde during the inter-war period. They are juxtaposed to photographic stories in images of Poetism. These avantgarde forms of photo-literary forms follow Wittgenstein's famous statement that "What can be shown, cannot be said".