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Bolleyer, Nicole; Correa, Patricia (2020): Member Influence and Involvement in Civil Society Organizations: A Resource Dependency Perspective on Groups and Parties. In: Political Studies, Vol. 70, No. 2: pp. 519-540
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Which membership-based voluntary organizations constitutive of civil society such as parties, interest groups or service-oriented organizations keep their members active and which forms of activism do they cultivate? This article addresses this important question distinguishing two forms of 'member activism': 'member involvement', defined as members working for an organization, and 'member influence', defined as members' participation in intra-organizational decision-making. Building on incentive-theoretical approaches to leader-member relations and resource dependency theory, we present a theoretical framework specifying distinct drivers of each form of member activism, which is tested using new data from four organization surveys conducted in four most different European democracies. None of the theorized factors has the same robust effect on both involvement and influence. Most notably, professionalization - reliance on paid staff - has a positive effect on involvement and a negative one on influence, stressing the need to distinguish carefully the different roles members play in civil society organizations.