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Ballesteros, Miguel; Deckert, Dirk-Andre; Faupin, Jeremy; Haenle, Felix (2020): One-boson scattering processes in the massive Spin-Boson model. In: Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications, Vol. 489, No. 1, 124094
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The Spin-Boson model describes a two-level quantum system that interacts with a second-quantized boson scalar field. Recently the relation between the integral kernel of the scattering matrix and the resonance in this model has been established in [18] for the case of massless bosons. In the present work, we treat the massive case. On the one hand, one might rightfully expect that the massive case is easier to handle since, in contrast to the massless case, the corresponding Hamiltonian features a spectral gap. On the other hand, it turns out that the non-zero boson mass introduces a new complication as the spectrum of the complex dilated, free Hamiltonian exhibits lines of spectrum attached to every multiple of the boson rest mass energy starting from the ground and excited state energies. This leads to an absence of decay of the corresponding complex dilated resolvent close to the real line, which, in [18], was a crucial ingredient to control the time evolution in the scattering regime. With the new strategy presented here, we provide a proof of an analogous formula for the scattering kernel as compared to the massless case and use the opportunity to provide the required spectral information by a Mourre theory argument combined with a suitable application of the Feshbach-Schur map instead of complex dilation.