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Lavaei, Abolfazl; Soudjani, Sadegh; Zamani, Majid (2020): Compositional abstraction-based synthesis for networks of stochastic switched systems. In: Automatica, Vol. 114, 108827
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In this paper, we provide a compositional approach for constructing finite abstractions (a.k.a. finite Markov decision processes (MDPs)) of interconnected discrete-time stochastic switched systems. The proposed framework is based on a notion of stochastic simulation functions, using which one can employ an abstract system as a substitution of the original one in the controller design process with guaranteed error bounds on their output trajectories. To this end, we first provide probabilistic closeness guarantees between the interconnection of stochastic switched subsystems and that of their finite abstractions via stochastic simulation functions. We then leverage sufficient small-gain type conditions to show compositionality results of this work. Afterwards, we show that under standard assumptions ensuring incremental input-to-state stability of switched systems (i.e., existence of common incremental Lyapunov functions, or multiple incremental Lyapunov functions with dwell-time), one can construct finite MDPs for the general setting of nonlinear stochastic switched systems. We also propose an approach to construct finite MDPs together with their corresponding stochastic simulation functions for a particular class of nonlinear stochastic switched systems. We show that for this class of systems, the aforementioned incremental stability property can be readily checked by matrix inequalities. To demonstrate the effectiveness of our proposed results, we first apply our approaches to a road traffic network in a circular cascade ring composed of 200 cells, and construct compositionally a finite MDP of the network. We employ the constructed finite abstractions as substitutes to compositionally synthesize policies keeping the density of the traffic lower than 20 vehicles per cell. We then apply our proposed techniques to a fully interconnected network of 500 nonlinear subsystems (totally 1000 dimensions), and construct their finite MDPs with guaranteed error bounds. We compare our proposed results with those available in the literature. (C) 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.