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Smith, Stanley W.; Arcak, Murat; Zamani, Majid (2020): Approximate abstractions of control systems with an application to aggregation. In: Automatica, Vol. 119, 109065
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Previous approaches to constructing abstractions for control systems rely on geometric conditions or, in the case of an interconnected control system, a condition on the interconnection topology. Since these conditions are not always satisfiable, we relax the restrictions on the choice of abstractions, instead opting to select ones which nearly satisfy such conditions via optimization-based approaches. To quantify the resulting effect on the error between the abstraction and concrete control system, we introduce the notions of practical simulation functions and practical storage functions. We show that our approach facilitates the procedure of aggregation, where one creates an abstraction by partitioning agents into aggregate areas. We demonstrate the results on an application where we regulate the temperature in three separate zones of a building. (C) 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.