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Laune, J. T.; Li, Hui; Li, Shengtai; Li, Ya-Ping; Walls, Levi G.; Birnstiel, Tilman; Drazkowska, Joanna; Stammler, Sebastian (2020): Ring Morphology with Dust Coagulation in Protoplanetary Disks. In: Astrophysical Journal Letters, Vol. 889, No. 1, L8
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Tidal interactions between the embedded planets and their surrounding protoplanetary disks are often postulated to produce the observed complex dust substructures, including rings, gaps, and asymmetries. In this Letter, we explore the consequences of dust coagulation on the dust dynamics and ring morphology. Coagulation of dust grains leads to dust size growth that, under typical disk conditions, produces faster radial drifts, potentially threatening the dust ring formation. Utilizing 2D hydrodynamical simulations of protoplanetary disks that include a full treatment of dust coagulation, we find that if the planet does not open a gap quickly enough, the formation of an inner ring is impeded due to dust coagulation and subsequent radial drift. Furthermore, we find that a "buildup" of submillimeter-sized grains often appears in the dust emission at the outer edge of the dust disk.