Logo Logo
Switch Language to German
Meyer, Britta; Immer, Carina; Kaiser, Steffen; Sharma, Sunny; Yang, Jun; Watzinger, Peter; Weiss, Lena; Kotter, Annika; Helm, Mark; Seitz, Hans-Michael; Koetter, Peter; Kellner, Stefanie; Entian, Karl-Dieter; Woehnert, Jens (2020): Identification of the 3-amino-3-carboxypropyl (acp) transferase enzyme responsible for acp(3)U formation at position 47 in Escherichia coli tRNAs. In: Nucleic Acids Research, Vol. 48, No. 3: pp. 1435-1450
Full text not available from 'Open Access LMU'.


tRNAs from all domains of life contain modified nucleotides. However, even for the experimentally most thoroughly characterized model organism Escherichia coli not all tRNA modification enzymes are known. In particular, no enzyme has been found yet for introducing the acp(3)U modification at position 47 in the variable loop of eight E. coli tRNAs. Here we identify the so far functionally uncharacterized YfiP protein as the SAM-dependent 3-amino-3-carboxypropyl transferase catalyzing this modification and thereby extend the list of known tRNA modification enzymes in E. coli. Similar to the Tsr3 enzymes that introduce acp modifications at U or m(1)Psi nucleotides in rRNAs this protein contains a DTW domain suggesting that acp transfer reactions to RNA nucleotides are a general function of DTW domain containing proteins. The introduction of the acp(3)U-47 modification in E. coli tRNAs is promoted by the presence of the m(7)G-46 modification as well as by growth in rich medium. However, a deletion of the enzymes responsible for the modifications at position 46 and 47 in the variable loop of E. coli tRNAs did not lead to a clearly discernible phenotype suggesting that these two modifications play only a minor role in ensuring the proper function of tRNAs in E. coli.