Lohs-Schardin, Margit; Sander, Klaus; Cremer, Christoph; Cremer, Thomas; Zorn, Christian
Localized ultraviolet laser microbeam irradiation of early Drosophila embryos: Fate maps based on location and frequency of adult defects.
In: Developmental Biology, Vol. 68, Nr. 2: S. 533-545
Drosophila embryos were locally irradiated with a 257-nm laser microbeam during blastoderm and germ band stages. Depending on stage and beam diameter (10–30 μm), from 0 to 45 nuclei were exposed to the uv radiation. The doses used, 5 or 10 erg, did not eliminate nuclei or cells at once, but up to 50% of the adult survivors from irradiated eggs carried defects in the thorax. These were scored with reference to the imaginal discs from which the affected structures derive. For each thoracic disc a “target center” was calculated as the weighted mean value of all beam locations affecting the respective adult derivatives. The target centers for the germ band stage map within the respective germ band segments. The pattern of target centers for the blastoderm stage is comparable to the thoracic region of published fate maps, and the distances between adjacent leg centers (approximately three cell diameters) agree with recent evidence based on mosaic flies. We discuss the question whether the target centers mark the position of the respective disc progenitor cells at the stages of irradiation and conclude that these positions are rendered rather correctly at least with reference to the longitudinal egg axis.