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Novotny, Jamie (2022): ‘I opened eight gates’. Revisiting the Identification of Dūr-Šarrukīn’s City Gates. In: Nadali, Davide; Nigro, Lorenzo; Pinnock, Frances (eds.) : Moving on from Ebla, I Crossed the Euphrates: An Assyrian Day in Honour of Paolo Matthiae. Oxford: Archaeopress. pp. 105-118
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When the eighth-century-BC Assyrian king Sargon II (r. 721-705 BC) constructed his new administrative capital, Dūr-Šarrukīn (‘Fort Sargon’; modern Khorsabad), he modelled the city’s general plan on Babylon, which was rectangular in shape and had two gates on each stretch of wall. Seven of those entrances, as well as two entryways into the citadel, have been excavated. Because there is no one-to-one correlation between Sargon’s inscriptions and available archaeological evidence, scholars have forwarded several proposals about the identifications of the eight gates recorded in inscriptions with the excavated gates. This paper will examine and evaluate those suggestions.