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Benk, Michaela; Weibel, Raphael P.; Feuerriegel, Stefan ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7856-8729 and Ferrario, Andrea (2022): "Is It My Turn?" Assessing Teamwork and Taskwork in Collaborative Immersive Analytics. In: Proceedings of the ACM on Human-Computer Interaction, Vol. 6, No. CSCW2: pp. 1-23

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Immersive analytics has the potential to promote collaboration in machine learning (ML). This is desired due to the specific characteristics of ML modeling in practice, namely the complexity of ML, the interdisciplinary approach in industry, and the need for ML interpretability. In this work, we introduce an augmented reality-based system for collaborative immersive analytics that is designed to support ML modeling in interdisciplinary teams. We conduct a user study to examine how collaboration unfolds when users with different professional backgrounds and levels of ML knowledge interact in solving different ML tasks. Specifically, we use the pair analytics methodology and performance assessments to assess collaboration and explore their interactions with each other and the system. Based on this, we provide qualitative and quantitative results on both teamwork and taskwork during collaboration. Our results show how our system elicits sustained collaboration as measured along six distinct dimensions. We finally make recommendations how immersive systems should be designed to elicit sustained collaboration in ML modeling.

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