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**Deckert, Dirk-Andre; Kellers, Leopold; Norsen, Travis and Struyve, Ward (2021): Comparison of the mean field and Bohmian semi-classical approximations to the Rabi model. In: International Journal of Modern Physics B, Vol. 35, No. 26, 2150270**

**Full text not available from 'Open Access LMU'.**

## Abstract

Bohmian mechanics is an alternative to standard quantum mechanics that does not suffer from the measurement problem. While it agrees with standard quantum mechanics concerning its experimental predictions, it offers novel types of approximations not suggested by the latter. Of particular interest are semi-classical approximations, where part of the system is treated classically. Bohmian semi-classical approximations have been explored before for systems without electromagnetic interactions. Here, the Rabi model is considered as a simple model involving light-matter interaction. This model describes a single mode electromagnetic field interacting with a two-level atom. As is well-known, the quantum treatment and the semi-classical treatment (where the field is treated classically rather than quantum mechanically) give qualitatively different results. We analyze the Rabi model using a different semi-classical approximation based on Bohmian mechanics. In this approximation, the back-reaction from the two-level atom onto the classical field is mediated by the Bohmian configuration of the two-level atom. We find that the Bohmian semi-classical approximation gives results comparable to the usual mean field one for the transition between ground and first excited state. Both semi-classical approximations tend to reproduce the collapse of the population inversion, but fail to reproduce the revival, which is characteristic of the full quantum description. Also an example of a higher excited state is presented where the Bohmian approximation does not perform so well.

Item Type: | Journal article |
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Faculties: | Mathematics, Computer Science and Statistics > Mathematics |

Subjects: | 500 Science > 510 Mathematics |

ISSN: | 0217-9792 |

Language: | English |

Item ID: | 97661 |

Date Deposited: | 05. Jun 2023, 15:26 |

Last Modified: | 13. Aug 2024, 12:46 |