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Fuessinger, Marc Anton; Gass, Mathieu; Woelm, Caroline; Cornelius, Carl-Peter; Zimmerer, Rüdiger M.; Poxleitner, Philipp; Schlager, Stefan and Metzger, Marc Christian (2021): Analyzing the Fitting of Novel Preformed Osteosynthesis Plates for the Reduction and Fixation of Mandibular Fractures. In: Journal of Clinical Medicine, Vol. 10, No. 24, 5975

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Abstract

Purpose: The known preformed osteosynthesis plates for the midface are helpful tools for a precise and fast fixation of repositioned fractures. The purpose of the current study is to analyze the precision of newly developed prototypes of preformed osteosynthesis plates for the mandible. Methods: Four newly designed preformed osteosynthesis plates, generated by a statistical shape model based on 115 CT scans, were virtually analyzed. The used plates were designed for symphyseal, parasymphyseal, angle, and condyle fractures. Each type of plate has three different sizes. For analysis, the shortest distance between the plate and the bone surface was measured, and the sum of the plate-to-bone distances over the whole surface was calculated. Results: A distance between plate and bone of less than 1.5 mm was defined as sufficient fitting. The plate for symphyseal fractures showed good fitting in 90% of the cases for size M, and in 84% for size L. For parasymphyseal fractures, size S fits in 80%, size M in 68%, and size L in 65% of the cases. Angle fractures with their specific plate show good fitting for size S in 53%, size M in 60%, and size L in 47%. The preformed plate for the condyle part fits for size S in 75%, for size M in 85%, and for size L in 74% of the cases. Conclusion: The newly developed mandible plates show sufficient clinical fitting to ensure adequate fracture reduction and fixation.

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