Logo Logo
Switch Language to German

Horn, Anja K. E. and Straka, Hans (2021): Functional Organization of Extraocular Motoneurons and Eye Muscles. In: Annual Review of Vision Science, Vol 7, 2021, Vol. 7: pp. 793-825

Full text not available from 'Open Access LMU'.


Eye movements are indispensable for visual image stabilization during self-generated and passive head and body motion and for visual orientation. Eye muscles and neuronal control elements are evolutionarily conserved, with novel behavioral repertoires emerging during the evolution of frontal eyes and foveae. The precise execution of eyemovements with different dynamics is ensured bymorphologically diverse yet complementary sets of extraocular muscle fibers and associated motoneurons. Singly and multiply innervated muscle fibers are controlled by motoneuronal subpopulations with largely selective premotor inputs from task-specific ocular motor control centers. The morphological duality of the neuromuscular interface is matched by complementary biochemical and molecular features that collectively assign different physiological properties to the motor entities. In contrast, the functionality represents a continuum where most motor elements contribute to any type of eye movement, although within preferential dynamic ranges, suggesting that signal transmission and muscle contractions occur within bands of frequency-selective pathways.

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item